Shortage of Employment Opportunities
Reliable estimates of employment and unemployment are obtained through quinquennial labour force surveys conducted by National Sample Survey Office. Last such survey was conducted during 2009-10. Based on the results of the survey, the unemployment rate in the country including Hindi speaking areas on usual status basis was 2.3 per cent. The details of Worker Population Ratio for all persons according to usual status approach during 2009-10 are annexed. Such information is not maintained centrally.
Government of India has been making constant efforts through normal growth process and implementing various employment generation programmes, such as, Swarana Jayanti Shahari Rozgar Yojana (SJSRY); Prime Minister’s Employment Generation Programme (PMEGP); Swarnajayanti Gram Swarozgar Yojana (SGSY) and Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA) besides entrepreneurial development programmes run by the Ministry of Micro, Small & Medium Enterprises.
The Union Labour & Employment Minister Shri Mallikarjun Kharge gave this information in a written reply in Lok Sabha today.